Friday, August 30, 2013

Footnotes: What Makes a Generation?

On the MMH Facebook page, a question was asked about how the generations are classified and whether it shouldn't be by artist. (And then the whole thread was lost due to technical difficulties) It's an interesting question and one I had not considered before.

By general hobby consensus the molds are grouped by release date rather than by artist. If the generations were grouped by artist, they would look something like this:
  • G1: Maureen Love G1 Molds (16 total)
  • G2: All Moody G2 molds + three of the G4 molds (15 total)
  • G3: Sarah Rose G2 Foals (4 total)
  • G4: Jane Lunger G3 molds + three of the G4 molds + three of the G5 molds (22 total)
  • G5: Brigitte Eberl G5 mold (1 total)

The two main problems I have personally with grouping the molds by artist are as follows:
  1. If molds from one artist are released at different times (ie. Moody and Lunger), the list for each generation will continue to grow and it messes up my database.
  2. Lumping newer and older molds together based on Artist spoils the chronological progression of the line. When we order by release date, we know that we won't be seeing G4s in the years before the release of the G3s because it's right there in the name. (G4 follows G3, which in turn follows G2s) Group by artist and your release order reference is lost. (ie this G2 came out after this G4)

In the beginning it was simple: one artist and essentially one release date - the molds were released in two batches a year apart, but when you're talking about a 40 lifespan, a year isn't much to quibble over.

Generation One consisted of the following sixteen molds:

  • Arabian Mare
  • Arabian Stallion
  • Citation
  • Draft Horse
  • Morgan Mare
  • Morgan Stallion
  • Native Dancer
  • Quarter Horse Mare
  • Quarter Horse Stallion
  • Saddlebred
  • Seabiscuit
  • Silky Sullivan
  • Swaps
  • Thoroughbred Lying Foal
  • Thoroughbred Mare
  • Thoroughbred Standing Foal

Then the Moody molds were released in 1998 which made things a little more complicated. I think for most people we just lumped the new molds in with the old and called it good.

I am not entirely sure when we even started using the "Generation" designation. In my past spreadsheets, I don't think I started using it until the third generation came out, up until then I only used the mold names. The 2007 edition of Felicia Browell's book mentions the use of "generations" as a recent phenomenon. Does anyone remember it being used pre-G3?

Two years after the Moody G2s were released, four foals sculpted by Sarah Rose were added to the line. Two years wasn't much of a gap and it just made sense to lump the foals in with the adults. Falling back on precedent, the 1976 G1 molds were considered part of the same generation as those released the year before.

For subsequent generations, one could argue that precedent for either classification standard had already been established with the G1 and G2 molds. Team Artist: Each generation (before the introduction of the foal molds) had all been sculpted by one artist. Team Release Date: the molds making up each generation were released essentially simultaneously.

The final list of the sixteen Generation Two molds is as follows:

  • American Saddlebred
  • Andalusian
  • Cantering Foal
  • Clydesdale
  • Frolicking Foal
  • Mule
  • Paso Fino
  • Prancing Morgan
  • Rearing Arabian
  • Scratching Foal
  • Shetland Pony
  • Standardbred
  • Stock Horse
  • Thoroughbred
  • Trotting Foal
  • Warmblood

Jump ahead six years to the addition of the G3s - a complete herd, adults and foals - all sculpted by Jane Lunger. It seemed obvious these molds should make up their own generation: G3 - providing further justification for both Team Release Date and Team Artist.

The addition of the short-lived Cantering Stock Horse (also a Lunger) in 2007 didn't make much of a ripple and seems to have been generally forgotten by all but those looking to complete their SM horde, but anyway, the mold still fell within the standards set by the previous generations.

Generation Three consisted of the following sixteen molds:

  • Arabian
  • Belgian
  • Cantering Warmblood
  • Cantering Stock Horse (discontinued)
  • Friesian
  • Highland Pony
  • Jumper
  • Lying Foal
  • Mustang
  • Peruvian Paso
  • Rearing Andalusian
  • Sicilian Donkey
  • Standing Foal
  • Standing Stock Horse
  • Standing Thoroughbred
  • Tennessee Walking Horse

Up until this point, the most current Breyer guide used the Generation classifications listed above. As of this date, a new edition with the later Generations has yet to be published, so the jury is out on how they would have listed the newer molds.

G4 was a bit of a puzzle. Half the molds were sculpted by G2 artist, Kathleen Moody and the other half by G3 artist, Jane Lunger. Also, there were only six of them and they came out only four years after the G3 line.

The hobby has fallen into the habit of calling them G4s, and the two main model reference sites, Identify Your Breyer and ModelEquus refer to them as such. The question I heard being asked at the time was not, should the Moodys go into G2 and the Lungers into G3, but should all six be G3 or G4.

The six molds of Generation Four:

  • Endurance Horse
  • Reining Horse
  • Vaulting Horse
  • Dressage Horse
  • Driving Horse
  • Para Dressage Horse

Here we are, a scant three years later, with four new molds, all but one by Jane Lunger this time (Chrome is a Brigitte Eberl sculpture) and we find ourselves with the same dilemma: lump them with G4 or add another generation? ModelEquus has listed them as G5s (changed to G4 some time later) while IYB has decided to call them G4s.

The four Generation Five molds are:

  • Chrome
  • Dungaree
  • Indigo
  • Rivet

Part of me would like to stick the molds with the G4s as this would bring the mold count for that generation up to 10 which is a little less awkward than having two mini-gens. On the other hand, the release method of the two generations seems to set them apart from each other almost as much as the three year gap. G4s were released as part of the World Equestrian Games hullabaloo, which is reflected in the names adopted for the molds, while the newest molds were introduced as BreyerFest special runs and the mold names that are seeming more and more permanent are those which were given to the individual SRs.

As an aside, I thoroughly dislike the deviation from the traditional SM naming scheme. G1-G3 names are all based on breed, portrait horse name, or breed + action. This naming system is easier to remember and makes identification much easier. Which name is easier to pin to the correct mold: Icelandic Pony or Indigo? Working Stock Horse or Dungaree? (I keep trying to call that one 'Denim')

Edit (2016): The generation waters have been further muddied with the introduction of several individual new molds. Personally, I have decided lump generation five above in with G4s and to refer to any new mold released after 2013 as G5. If a large block of molds is again released, those would be G6, and anything after would be G7. This system may or may not be taken up by the hobby at large, but it is how I will be organizing my database.


  1. To me they definitely are G5. And since I haven't seen a regular run on any of them yet, it will only take longer before many collectors will own even one of them, making the time gap between G4 and G5 only bigger.

    1. Good point, MySt. Fingers crossed for some regular run releases this year. I still haven't gotten my hands on any of the special runs. It's a pain to shop second-hand from the UK. :(